By I. Philip Smith, Douglas J. Booker, Neil C. Wells
Marine Environmental Research, Volume 67, Issues 4-5, May-June 2009, Pages 246-258, ISSN 0141-1136, DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2008.12.010.

A bioenergetic model of marine phase, wild Atlantic salmon was constructed to investigate the potential effects on post-smolt growth of predicted changes in oceanic conditions. Short-term estimates of growth in weight were similar to measurements in captivity and simulated growth varied with water temperature and swimming speed as expected. Longer-term estimates of growth in length were less than that achieved by wild salmon, particularly with constant swimming assumed. The model was sensitive to parameters relating to maximum daily food consumption, respiration and the relationships between body energy content, length and weight. Some of the sensitive parameters were based on substantive information on Atlantic salmon and their realistic ranges are likely to be much narrower than those tested. However, other parameter values were based on scant data, farmed Atlantic salmon or other salmonid species, and are therefore less certain and indicate where future empirical research should be focussed.
Keywords: Atlantic salmon; Post-smolt; Marine phase; Growth; Temperature; Climate change; Marine ecology; Mathematical models

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