Defining marine habitat of juvenile Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, and coho salmon, O. kisutch, in the northern California Current System
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Abstract We investigated habitat use by juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and coho salmon (O. kisutch) to identify environmental characteristics that may define their optimal marine habitat. We utilized physical and biological data from four cruises in the northern California Current system from Newport, Oregon, to Crescent City, California, in June and August 2000 and 2002. A non-parametric statistical method was used to analyze and select environmental parameters that best defined ocean habitat for each species. Regression trees were generated for all cruises combined to select the most important habitat variables. Chlorophyll a concentration best defined habitat of yearling Chinook salmon, while decapod larvae, salinity, and neuston biovolume defined habitat of yearling coho salmon. Using criteria from the regression tree analysis, GIS maps were produced to show that the habitat of yearling Chinook salmon was widespread over the continental shelf and the habitat of yearling coho salmon was variable and mainly north of Cape Blanco.

  • Content Type Journal Article
  • Pages 1-11
  • DOI 10.1007/s10641-011-9909-9
  • Authors
    • Suzan S. Pool, Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies, Oregon State University, 2030 Marine Science Drive, Newport, OR 97365, USA
    • Douglas C. Reese, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    • Richard D. Brodeur, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2030 SE Marine Science Drive, Newport, OR 97365, USA