Differences in sea migration between wild and reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)
By Eero Jutila, Erkki Jokikokko, Irma Kallio-Nyberg, Irma Saloniemi, Pentti Pasanen
Fisheries Research, Volume 60, Issues 2-3, February 2003, Pages 333-343, ISSN 0165-7836, DOI: 10.1016/S0165-7836(02)00169-8.
The effect of origin, smolt size and year of release on the sea migration pattern of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in the Baltic Sea was examined by tagging experiments conducted in 1991-1993 on wild and reared smolts of the Simojoki river salmon stock. The tag recovery data analysed by log-linear models revealed significant differences in both spatial and temporal sea migrations between the wild and reared salmon; the variation was attributed to the year of release and to the origin of the fish. Grilse accounted for the majority of reared returners (76%) but for a smaller proportion (46%) of the wild fish. The effect of smolt size could be studied only in the smolt groups tagged in 1991. Wild fish were more frequently (71%) caught in the Baltic Main Basin than were reared fish (51%) during their second sea year, and the size variation between wild and reared smolts did not explain the recovery site. No such differences in spatial distribution were found during the third sea year. The tagging place (hatchery/trap) of the reared fish did not affect their later sea migration. The differences in sea migration patterns suggest that the wild salmon are more vulnerable to the intensive salmon fishery in the Baltic Main Basin than are reared fish.
Keywords: Salmon; Migration; Smolt; Reared; Wild