By Irma Kallio-Nyberg, Marja-Liisa Koljonen, Irma Saloniemi
Animal Behaviour, Volume 60, Issue 3, September 2000, Pages 377-384, ISSN 0003-3472, DOI: 10.1006/anbe.2000.1465.

We examined the inheritance of the sea migration pattern of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, in a crossing and tagging experiment in the Baltic Sea. Individuals from the parental stocks, Neva and Iijoki, and their reciprocal hybrids were released as 2-year-old smolts, into the same estuary of the Bothnian Sea in 1994. Two thousand smolts from each of the four groups were marked with Carlin tags. The recapture rate of the tags was nearly 10%. We used log-linear models to analyse the marine distribution of the salmon groups from the tag recovery data. The pure stocks and their pooled hybrid groups all showed statistically significant differences between each other in spatial and temporal sea distribution. The Iijoki salmon were more frequently (9%) caught outside the Bothnian Sea than were the Neva salmon (2%). The majority of the Iijoki salmon (55%), but fewer Neva salmon (40%), were caught in the second sea year. In spatial distribution, the hybrids seemed to be intermediate between the parental stocks, with no differences between reciprocal female and male lines. In duration of sea migration and age at maturity, however, the hybrids were very similar to their maternal line, the effect of which was thus clearly stronger than that of the paternal line.

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