The expression of CYP1A, vitellogenin and zona radiata proteins in Atlantic salmon (S
By J. P. Boon, J. J. van Zanden, W. E. Lewis, B. N. Zegers, A. Goksoyr, A. Arukwe
Marine Environmental Research, Volume 54, Issues 3-5, September-December 2002, Pages 719-724, ISSN 0141-1136, DOI: 10.1016/S0141-1136(02)00127-7.
The short-term effects of the commercial PBDE flame retardant mixtures Penta-BDE and Octa-BDE on the expression of cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A), vitellogenin (Vtg) and zona radiata proteins (Zrp) were investigated in juvenile salmon (Salmo salar). For this purpose, groups of fish were dosed twice (oral intake at days 1 and 4) with 10 and 50 mg/kg body weight of both commercial mixtures. The fishes were sacrificed at day 7 (n=5 for each group) and 14 (n=6 for each group), and blood, liver, fillet, and brain were collected. Blanks and positive controls were also part of the experiment. The expressions of Vtg, Zrp, and CYP1A were measured with several techniques (EROD, ELISA, Western, Northern and Slot Blot). The values in the groups of fish treated with Penta-BDE or Octa-BDE did not significantly differ from the reference group for any of the parameters tested. In contrast, the positive control groups treated with estradiol-17[beta] for Vtg and Zrp expression, and [beta]-naphthoflavone for CYP1A expression did show a significant response, indicating the potential sensitivity of the fishes for the parameters measured. Since the results of the chemical analyses showed concentrations of a number of PBDE congeners in liver, fillet, and brain that were about three orders of magnitude above those of fish from the North Sea, it is concluded that the short-term toxicity of both commercial PBDE mixtures for these endpoints was low.
Keywords: PBDEs; Toxicology; CYP1A; Vitellogenin; Zona radiata proteins; Atlantic salmon; Salmo salar; Fish