By Colin E. Nash, F. William Waknitz
Fisheries Research, Volume 62, Issue 3, June 2003, Pages 237-254, ISSN 0165-7836, DOI: 10.1016/S0165-7836(03)00063-8.

This review, and the following papers in the series, are specific to the presence of non-indigenous Atlantic salmon in the Pacific Northwest. A short geography of the Pacific Northwest is followed by a brief description of the 100-year history of attempted Atlantic salmon introductions and culture for sport fishing in the region, and the subsequent divergence into culture for farming. Although Atlantic salmon are still maintained for sport fishing in some land-locked lakes in Oregon, its predominant presence is in saltwater net-pen farms in Puget Sound, Washington, and contiguous waters to the north in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. Consequently, from hereon the review focuses on the presence and interactions of Atlantic salmon in Puget Sound. A brief description of production facilities for salmon, and their regulatory structure in Washington fisheries, is followed by a comparison of the current production of salmon for mitigation and enhancement with production directly for food. After an economic description of salmon fishing and salmon farming in Puget Sound, the final section reviews some societal interactions of farming, particularly employment and wages, recreational fishing and boating, and coastal property values. The review ends with some conclusions.
Keywords: Atlantic salmon; Pacific salmon; Pacific Northwest; Production; Economic issues; Social issues

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