A survey of pathogens and metazoan parasites on wild sea trout (Salmo trutta) in Scottish waters

by

1. Katy Urquhart,
2. Campbell C. Pert,
3. Rob J. Fryer,
4. Paul Cook,
5. Sarah Weir,
6. Rachel Kilburn,
7. Una McCarthy,
8. Judy Simons,
9. Sonia J. McBeath,
10. Iveta Matejusova and
11. Ian R. Bricknell

ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 444–453.

In all, 300 wild sea trout were sampled from three east coast and two west coast sites around Scotland over a 3-year period to establish the prevalence and the abundance of bacteria, viruses, and ecto- and endoparasites. No bacterial pathogens were isolated from any fish. One fish tested positive for viral pathogens (infectious pancreatic necrosis virus). The viral agent syncytium, resulting from aquareovirus infection, was found in four fish from the east coast. The parasitic fauna consisted of three classes of ectoparasite, Monogenea, Isopoda, and Copepoda, and four classes of endoparasite, Cestoda, Digenea, Nematoda, and Acanthocephala. Sea trout from the east coast sites were larger than those from the west coast. The abundance of Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Hysterothylacium aduncum, and Anisakis sp. was significantly greater at the east coast sites. The only parasite found in significantly greater numbers at a west coast site was Pomphorhynchus laevis.


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