Xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme activity in sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) during
By John M. Kennish, Reese A. Bolinger, Kent A. Chambers, Melinda L. Russell
Marine Environmental Research, Volume 34, Issues 1-4, Responses of Marine Organisms to Pollutants 3-Part 1, 1992, Pages 293-298, ISSN 0141-1136, DOI: 10.1016/0141-1136(92)90123-4.
Activities of the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (MO) system and GSH-transferase (GST) were monitored about every 2 weeks in sockeye salmon during their sexual migration and ultimate death. Liver cytosol and microsomes were prepared from the tissue of 50 individuals, five males and five females at each collection. The activities observed were not significantly different between the sexes. Substantial changes occurred in cytochrome P450, cytochrome b5 and the monitored activities during the migration. The most dramatic changes occurred at the spawning grounds and were evident even before spawning occurred. The cytochrome P450 and cytochrome b5 contents increased while the MO and GST activities decreased. Pre-spawning MO and GST activities were similar to those reported for other species undergoing sexual maturation. Migrating salmon offer an interesting model for studying the regulation of sex-dependent and terminal forms of cytochromes P450, MO and phase II activities.